January: Garnet

gem-garnet-almandine

Family: Garnet family

Colour: Variety of different colours usually deep red

Hardness: 6.5-7.5 on the Mohs scale

http://geology.com/minerals/mohs-hardness-scale.shtml

Countries: Russia, Brazil, Tanzania and Sri Lanka

Fact: It will never come in a blue colour

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February: Amethyst

Amethyst

Family: Quartz family

Colour: Purple, lilac or mauve colour

Hardness: 7 on the Mohs scale

http://geology.com/minerals/mohs-hardness-scale.shtml

Countries: Brazil, India, Canada, Russia, Sri Lanka and also the USA

Fact: It is associated with sobering properties dating back to early Christian days

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q

March: Aquamarine

Aquamarine

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Family: Beryl gemstone family

Colour: pale or deep blue colour

Hardness: 7.7- 8 on the Mohs scale

http://geology.com/minerals/mohs-hardness-scale.shtml

Countries: Brazil, Russia, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Madagascar

Fact: It gets it blue colouring from the iron that is present in the stone

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April: Diamond

marquise

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Family: The Diamond Family

Colour: A variety- colourless, white, black,yellow,pink,brown, blue, red

Hardness: 10 on the Mohs scale

http://geology.com/minerals/mohs-hardness-scale.shtml

Countries: Africa, Brazil, Australia, Canada and Russia

Fact: Is the highest gemstone on the Mohs scale and is a symbol of love

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d

May: Emerald

Emerald

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Family: Beryl

Colour: Green

Hardness: 7.5-8 on the Mohs scale

http://geology.com/minerals/mohs-hardness-scale.shtml

Countries: Columbia, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Australia, Egypt, India and Zambia

Fact: Columbia is the world’s biggest producer of Emeralds

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n

June: Pearl

Pearl

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Family: Organic family

Colour: Variety- White, cream, black, pink, blue, yellow and green

Hardness: 3 on the Mohs scale

http://geology.com/minerals/mohs-hardness-scale.shtml

Countries: All around the world – big spot the Indian Ocean

Fact: Pearls are made up of mainly calcium carbonate

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f

July: Ruby

ruby 2

Family: Corundum

Colour: Pink-Blood Red

Hardness: 9 on the Mohs scale

http://geology.com/minerals/mohs-hardness-scale.shtml

Countries: Thailand, Sri Lanka and Myanmar

Fact: A ruby gets its red colouring from the presence of chromium

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f

August: Peridot

Peridot

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Family: Mineral Family

Colour: Olive Green

Hardness: 6.5-7 on the Mohs scale

http://geology.com/minerals/mohs-hardness-scale.shtml

Countries: USA, Brazil, Australia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Myanmar

Fact: Peridot is one of the few gemstones that occur in only one colour

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h

September: Sapphire

Sapphire

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Family: Corundum

Colour: Very often blue but varies but never red

Hardness: 9 on the Mohs scale

http://geology.com/minerals/mohs-hardness-scale.shtml

Countries: Sri Lanka, India and Myanmar

Fact: Sapphires can be found naturally by searching through rock sediments

October: Tourmaline

Tourmaline

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Family: Tourmaline

Colour: Variety-blue, pink, red, green, yellow, brown, black

Hardness: 7-7.5 on the Mohs scale

http://geology.com/minerals/mohs-hardness-scale.shtml

Countries: Brazil, USA, Afghanistan, Africa, Russia and Mozambique

Fact: Tourmalines were used by chemists in the 19th cent to polarize light by shining rays onto a cut and polished surface of the gem

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November: Citrine

Citrine

Family: Quartz family

Colour: Yellow or yellowish brown colour

Hardness: 7 on the Mohs scale

http://geology.com/minerals/mohs-hardness-scale.shtml

Countries: Brazil, Russia, Madagascar, Africa, Uruguay and France

Fact: It gets its colour from the presence of iron within the stone

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December: Turquoise

turquoise 2

Family: Minerals Family

Colour: Blue- Green

Hardness: 5-6 on the Mohs scale

http://geology.com/minerals/mohs-hardness-scale.shtml

Countries: Iran, Africa, Australia, Tibet and Afghanistan

Fact: Turquoise was among one of the first gems to be mined